Building Energy & Efficiency

Our current Research Interest lies in the Energy Management System (EMS) which is one of the high-level control methods available in any advanced building. An EMS is able to access a wide variety of “sensor�data and use this data to direct various types of control actions. The concept is yet to be received well in our industry and validation of the same is a subject of a lot of discussion. As a results of this study, better understanding of modern building specially on controls side will be gained and future energy code may have better enforcement on soft energy efficiency measures. The EMS replicates the functionality of many of the existing high-level control objects in Energy Plus. Similar to the Availability Manager objects, the EMS can turn on and off pumps and fans. Similar to the Demand Manager objects, the EMS can turn on and off lights and electric equipment, change the set points on zone thermostats, and dispatch on-site generation. Similar to the Set point Manager objects, the EMS can change the set points on system nodes. Similar to the Plant Equipment Operation objects, the EMS can turn on and off supply-side heating, cooling, and heat rejection equipment, i.e., boilers, chillers, cooling towers, etc. Similar to the ElectricLoadCenter:Distribution, the EMS can turn on and off on-site generation equipment.

The above functionality when clubbed with an external Interface allows coupling Energy Plus to the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB). The BCVTB is a software environment that allows expert users to couple different simulation programs for distributed simulation or for a real-time simulation that is connected to a building control system. The BCVTB allows simulation of the building envelope and HVAC system in Energy Plus and the control logic in MATLAB/Simulink, while exchanging data between the two programs as they simulate.

Following Publications are the results of some of the other Research Activities that we are involved in:-

  1. Validating Energy Plus 2.1 for use in Comfort Optimization of TERI’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA). (View Paper)
  2. Case Study - Performance, Benchmarking & Carbon Offset Achievements of Pacific Controls USGBC LEED NC Platinum Green Building (View Paper)
  3. Conceptual Development of a LHR-Engines Based Trigeneration System and its Optimization for Enhanced Load-Matching Capability (View Paper)
  4. Development of Dedicated Software for Energy Modeling (View Paper)
  5. Decision Support System for Environmental Impact Assessment Using Fuzzy Logic (View Paper)
  6. Prospective Utilization of Porous Medium Combustion Technology for Low Pollutant Emissions and High-Energy Efficiency (View Paper)
  7. Recent Advancements of Porous Medium Combustion Technology in IC Engines and a New Concept of Cogeneration in PM-Engine (View Paper)
  8. Emission Simulation & Regulation by Incorporating Porous Medium Combustion Technology in IC Engine. (View Paper)
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